# System commands (ESP only)

# Restart the ESP

mosquitto_pub -t "home/OpenMQTTGateway/commands/MQTTtoSYS/config" -m '{"cmd":"restart"}'

TIP

With Home Assistant, this command is directly avalaible through MQTT auto discovery as a switch into the HASS OpenMQTTGateway device entities list.

# Erase the ESP settings

mosquitto_pub -t "home/OpenMQTTGateway/commands/MQTTtoSYS/config" -m '{"cmd":"erase"}'

TIP

With Home Assistant, this command is directly avalaible through MQTT auto discovery as a switch into the HASS OpenMQTTGateway device entities list.

# Retrieve current status of the ESP

mosquitto_pub -t "home/OpenMQTTGateway/commands/MQTTtoSYS/config" -m '{"cmd":"status"}'

# Auto discovery

You can deactivate the MQTT auto discovery function, this function enable to create automaticaly devices/entities with Home Assistant convention.

# Deactivate

mosquitto_pub -t "home/OpenMQTTGateway/commands/MQTTtoSYS/config" -m '{"discovery":false}'

# Activate

mosquitto_pub -t "home/OpenMQTTGateway/commands/MQTTtoSYS/config" -m '{"discovery":true}'

If you want the settings to be kept upon gateway restart, you can publish the command with the retain flag.

TIP

Auto discovery is enable by default on release binaries, on platformio (except for UNO). With Arduino IDE please read the advanced configuration section of the documentation.

# Change the WiFi credentials

mosquitto_pub -t "home/OpenMQTTGateway/commands/MQTTtoSYS/config" -m '{"wifi_ssid":"ssid", "wifi_pass":"password"}'

TIP

If the new connection fails the gateway will fallback to the previous connection.

# Change the MQTT broker credentials

mosquitto_pub -t "home/OpenMQTTGateway/commands/MQTTtoSYS/config" -m
'{
  "mqtt_user": "user_name",
  "mqtt_pass": "password",
  "mqtt_server": "host",
  "mqtt_port": "port",
  "mqtt_secure": "false"
}'
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::: info By default this function is not available on the pre built binary of RFBridge, in order to have less code size and enable to have OTA update working properly. So as to enable it remove from the rf bridge env:

build_flags = '-UMQTTsetMQTT'
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Arduino boards does not have this function per default also, to add it:

build_flags = '-DMQTTsetMQTT'
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:::

TIP

Server, port, and secure_flag are only required if changing connection to another broker.
If the new connection fails the gateway will fallback to the previous connection.

# Change the MQTT main topic and or gateway name

mosquitto_pub -t "home/OpenMQTTGateway/commands/MQTTtoSYS/config" -m
'{
  "mqtt_topic": "topic/",
  "gateway_name: "name"
}'
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::: info This will change the subscribed and published mqtt_topic/gateway_name that the gateway uses. No parameters are manditory, the current topic or gateway name will be used if not supplied. :::

# Switching brokers and using self signed and client certificates

In the user_config.h file it is possible to specify multiple MQTT brokers and client certificates. These are commonly self signed and are supported by defining MQTT_SECURE_SELF_SIGNED as true or 1.
Additonally, support for multiple brokers and client certificates has been added. To use this, it is required that the server certificate, client certificate, and client key are provided as their own constatnt string value as demonstrated in the file.
To add more than one broker and switch between them it is necessary to provide all of the relevant certificates/keys and add their respective variable names in the certs_array structure, as shown in user_config.h, and changing the array size to the number of different connections -1.

To switch between these servers with an MQTT command message, the format is as follows:

mosquitto_pub -t "home/OpenMQTTGateway/commands/MQTTtoSYS/config" -m
'{
  "mqtt_user": "user",
  "mqtt_pass": "password",
  "mqtt_server": "host",
  "mqtt_port": "port",
  "mqtt_secure": "true",
  "mqtt_cert_index":0
 }'
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TIP

The mqtt_cert_index value corresponds to the 0 to X index of the certs_array in user_config.h.

# Firmware update from MQTT (ESP only)

The gateway can be updated through an MQTT message by providing a JSON formatted message with a version number, OTA password (optional, see below), and URL to fetch the update from.

To enable this functionality, MQTT_HTTPS_FW_UPDATE will need to be defined or the line that defines in in user_config.h will need to be uncommented.

TIP

If using an unsecure MQTT broker it is highly recommended to disable the password checking by setting the macro MQTT_HTTPS_FW_UPDATE_USE_PASSWORD to 0 (default is 1 (enabled)), otherwise a clear text password may be sent over the network.

The server_cert parameter is optional. If the update server has changed or certificate updated or not set in user_config.h then you can provide the certifiate here.

# Example firmware update message:

mosquitto_pub -t "home/OpenMQTTGateway_ESP32_BLE/commands/firmware_update" -m '{
  "version": "test",
  "password": "OTAPASSWORD",
  "url": "https://github.com/1technophile/OpenMQTTGateway/releases/download/v0.9.12/esp32dev-ble-firmware.bin",
  "server_cert": "-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----"}'
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A bash script is available here to simplify the use of the server_cert parameter.

WARNING

The pre-built binaries for rfbridge and avatto-bakeey-ir have the above WiFi and MQTT broker credentials and the Firmware update via MQTT options disabled. This is due to the restricted available flash, so as to still be able to use OTA firmware updates for these boards.

# State LED usage

The gateway can support up to 3 LED to display its operating state:

  • LED_INFO switched ON when network and MQTT connection are OK 5s ON, 5s OFF when WIFI is disconnected 1s ON, 4s OFF when MQTT is disconnected

  • LED_RECEIVE Blink for TimeLedON 1s when the gateway receive a signal from one of its module so as to send to MQTT

  • LED_SEND Blink for TimeLedON 1s when the gateway send a signal with one of its module from an MQTT command

Last Updated: 6/21/2022, 12:04:11 AM